Introduction to Responsibility to Protect

PeB Journal | Conflict Resolution, Global, International Politics | , ,

By Silvia Samorè

Fifteen years have now passed since 2005, when the definition of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) was agreed by the 191 states signing the World Forum Outcome document. The adoption of this decision was perceived by the international community as a progress, but …

How to Define Violence in Aleppo?

Pax et Bellum | Analysis, Civil Wars, Middle East and North Africa, Violence against Civilians | , , , , , , ,

The Mass Violence Awareness Initiative (MVAI) is a non-Governmental Organization which is based in Uppsala, Sweden. It seeks to increase public awareness about incidents of past, current and possible upcoming mass violence, genocide and related phenomena around the world.

There is understandably much use of …

Sexual violence – South Sudan’s neglected survivors and crimes

Pax et Bellum | Alexandra Hallqvist, Analysis, Sub-Saharan Africa, Violence against Civilians, Zoe Meijer | , , , , , , ,

Historically, sexual violence has been a part of war. However, while it used to be seen as “just” a byproduct of war, we have finally come to the realization that sexual violence is often used as a strategic tool during conflict. Especially after the rape …